Fabric upholstery is a popular choice for furniture due to its comfort and versatility. However, it is prone to dirt, stains, and odours caused by daily use. Regular cleaning is essential to maintain the integrity and aesthetics of your upholstery. Clean upholstery not only enhances the overall appearance of your home but also contributes to a healthier living environment by reducing allergens and bacteria.
Preparing for Cleaning
Before embarking on any cleaning endeavour, it is crucial to assess the fabric type and care instructions provided by the manufacturer. The care tag, usually found under the cushions or at the bottom of the furniture, contains important codes that indicate the recommended cleaning methods:
- W or W-S: Water-based cleaners are safe to use.
- X or S: Vacuuming or dry-cleaning solvents are recommended.
Understanding these codes will ensure that you choose the appropriate cleaning solutions and techniques for your upholstery. Once you have identified the fabric type, gather the necessary cleaning supplies, such as a vacuum cleaner with upholstery attachments, microfiber cloths, mild dish soap, and water-based or solvent-based cleaners depending on the fabric code.
Step-by-Step Cleaning Process
To achieve a thorough clean, it is essential to follow a systematic approach. Here is our recommended step-by-step process for fabric upholstery cleaning:
Vacuuming and Removing Loose Debris
Start by using the upholstery attachment on your vacuum cleaner to remove loose dust, dirt, and debris from the surface of the upholstery. Begin at the top of the furniture and work your way down, ensuring that you cover the back, arms, skirt, and cushions. For removable cushions, take them off and vacuum the fabric underneath. Use the crevice tool to clean along the seams, around buttons, and along the trim. This initial vacuuming will effectively eliminate surface dirt and prepare the upholstery for deeper cleaning.
Pro Tip: For stubborn pet hair or crumbs, consider using a handheld vacuum cleaner specifically designed for upholstery. These compact devices provide powerful suction and make it easier to tackle smaller areas.
Spot Testing Cleaning Products
Before applying any cleaning solution to your upholstery, it is crucial to perform a spot test in an inconspicuous area. This test will determine whether the cleaning product is suitable for the fabric and prevents any potential damage or discoloration. Follow the instructions provided by the manufacturer of the cleaning product, ensuring that you allow sufficient time for the spot test to reveal any adverse effects.
Properly Applying and Agitating Cleaning Solutions
Once you have confirmed the suitability of your chosen cleaning product, it’s time to treat the upholstery. For water-safe fabrics (W or W-S code), create a cleaning solution by mixing a few drops of mild dish soap with lukewarm water in a bucket. Use a soft-bristled brush to gently brush over the entire piece, making it lightly damp with the soap solution. Avoid soaking the fabric to prevent discoloration. For fabrics with an S code, use solvent-based cleaners specifically designed for upholstery. Apply the solvent to a clean towel and gently brush over the generally dirty areas. For heavily soiled areas, use a soft-bristled brush to work the solvent into the fabric.
Pro Tip: When using any cleaning solution, it’s essential to work in small sections and avoid oversaturation. This ensures that the fabric dries evenly and prevents potential damage.
Techniques for Stain Removal
Fabric upholstery is prone to stains caused by spills, food accidents, and pet-related mishaps. Here are some effective techniques for removing common stains from your upholstery:
Addressing Common Stains
- Food Stains: For water-safe fabrics, create a mixture of mild dish soap and warm water. Blot the stain gently with a clean cloth or sponge dipped in the solution. Rinse with a cloth or sponge dampened with clean water and blot dry. For solvent-only fabrics, follow the instructions provided with solvent-based products to remove food stains effectively.
- Pet Stains: Act swiftly by blotting the stain with a clean, white cloth to absorb as much liquid as possible. For water-safe fabrics, use an enzyme-containing formula specifically designed for pet stains. Apply the cleaner to a cloth and blot the stain carefully, working from the outside in. Rinse with a cloth dampened with clean water and blot dry. For solvent-only fabrics, consult the instructions provided with solvent-based pet stain removers.
Strategies for Treating Different Types of Stains
- Oil-based Stains: Sprinkle a small amount of baking soda or cornstarch on the stain to absorb the oil. Allow it to sit for a few minutes before gently brushing it off. If the stain persists, consult a professional upholstery cleaner.
- Ink Stains: Dampen a clean cloth with rubbing alcohol and blot the ink stain gently. Avoid rubbing, as it may spread the ink further. Continue blotting until the stain is lifted. Rinse with a cloth dampened with clean water and blot dry.
- Wine or Coffee Stains: Blot the stain immediately with a clean, white cloth to absorb as much liquid as possible. Create a mixture of mild dish soap and warm water, and gently blot the stain with a cloth or sponge dipped in the solution. Rinse with a cloth dampened with clean water and blot dry.
Pro Tip: It is essential to act quickly when treating stains to prevent them from setting into the fabric. Blot the stain instead of rubbing, as rubbing can spread the stain and damage the fabric fibres.
Expert Advice from Smith Clean
While DIY upholstery cleaning can yield satisfactory results, there are instances where professional cleaning is the best option. As experts in the field, Smith Clean recommends the following:
- Professional Cleaning: For heavily soiled upholstery, delicate fabrics, or intricate designs, professional cleaning is recommended. Professional cleaners have the expertise and specialised equipment to tackle challenging stains and restore the beauty of your upholstery.
- DIY Cleaning: Regular maintenance and minor stains can be effectively addressed with DIY cleaning techniques. By following the guidelines provided in this blog, you can achieve professional-level results at a fraction of the cost.
Trust in Smith Clean’s expertise and commitment to excellence in upholstery cleaning. Our team of professionals is dedicated to providing outstanding service and ensuring your upholstery remains clean and fresh. Invest in the cleanliness of your fabric upholstery and enjoy a comfortable and visually appealing living space.